Rules & Policies

Important Rules and Policies

Just a few things to remember and note.

NDCA Approved Figures, Elements, Restrictions, and DVIDA Allowable American Style Figures

Revised January 2014

The Following DVIDA® figures are approved for competition in accordance with the NDCA Amended American Style Categories dated January 2014.

Remember; Invigilation is subjective. If you feel that an Invigilator has cited you for an infraction you do not agree with, it is your right to challenge that Invigilator's warning. If the Invigilator does not agree with you or you feel that you have been cited for an infraction that is within the guidelines set out by the NDCA, please email the name of the Invigilator and a brief summary of the situation to wayne@dancevision.com and we will try to get a clarification for you.

Read An Explanation Of Invigilation By Donna Edelstein.

View and print An Overview Of The DVIDA American Style Syllabus Figures.

View current NDCA List

NDCA Allowable DVIDA Bronze Smooth Figures
*Indicates figure is not allowable in NDCA competitions. Revised January 2014.
WaltzFoxtrotTangoV. Waltz
1A. Box Step
1B. Box with Underarm Turn
2. Progressive
3A. Left Turning Box
3B. Right Turning Box
4A. Balance Steps
4B. Balance and Box
5. Simple Twinkle
6. Two Way Underarm Turn
7. Face to Face – Back to Back 8A.Reverse Turn
8B. Reverse Turn with Underarm Turn
9A. Natural Turn
9B. Natural Turn with Underarm Turn
10. Progressive Twinkles
11. Turning Twinkles
12 .Grapevine
13. Promenade Chassé
14. Twinkle & Weave*
15. Waterfall
1. Basic
2. Promenade
3A. Rock Turn to Left
3B. Rock Turn to Right
4. Sway Step
5A. Sway Underarm Turn
5B. Promenade Underarm Turn
6A .Zig Zag in Line
6B. Zig Zag Outside Partner
7. Box Step
8. Twinkle
9. Promenade Twinkles
10A. Turning Twinkles to Outside Partner
10B. Turning Twinkles to Outside Partner with Underarm Turn
11. Grapevine
12. Promenade Twist
13. Promenade Pivot
14A. Running Steps in Basic Rhythm*
14B. Running Steps in Box Rhythm*
15. Twinkle & Weave with Grapevine*
1A. Straight Basic
1B. Curving Basic
2A. Promenade Turning Left
2B. Promenade Turning Right
3. Single Corté
4. Progressive Rocks
5A. Open Fan
5B. Open Fan with Underarm Turn
6. Running Steps
7. Double Corté
8A. Reverse Turn
8B. Reverse Turn with Outside Swivel
9. Right Side Fans
10. Contra Rocks
11A. Change of Places
11B. Change of Places Variation
12. Twist Turn to Right
13. Reverse Turn with Underarm Turn
14. Promenade Pivot
15. Shadow Rocks
1. Balance Steps
2A. Fifth Position Breaks
2B. Fifth Position Breaks with Underarm Turn
3. Reverse Turn
4. Closed Twinkle
5A. Crossbody Lead
5B. Crossbody Lead with Underarm Turn
6. Hand to Hand
7A. Forward Progressive Changes
7B. Backward Progressive Changes 8. Right Turn
9. Change of Place*
10. Curtsey & Bow
NDCA RESTRICTIONSNDCA RESTRICTIONSNDCA RESTRICTIONSNDCA RESTRICTIONS
* Partners may not completely separate. Open work is limited to single or double hand holds, and may not last for more than eight (8) consecutive measures (24 beats)
* Open work may not comprise more than 25% of any routine
* No continuity style in Bronze Waltz, feet must be closed on three except on allowed figures
* No foot changes/fakes, partners must always be on opposite feet
* No consecutive Pivots Left or Right, one (1) Pivot is allowed
* No Open Left or Right Box Turns
* No Fallaway actions of any kind
* No picture lines or figures (i.e. Contra Check, Chair, Oversways, Lunges, etc.)
* No solo, shadow, or same foot figures
* No syncopations other than Chassé from Promenade - No syncopated Underarm Turns
* Progressive Twinkles must finish by the sixth (6th) measure of music (18 beats) with the feet closed. (counting from when they are started)
* Both feet must remain close to the floor at all times (no aerial Rondé, etc.)
* Partners may not completely separate. Open work is limited to single or double hand holds, and may not last for more than eight (8) consecutive measures (32 beats)
* Open work may not comprise of more than 25% of any routine
* No continuity style in Bronze Foxtrot
* No foot changes/fakes, partners must always be on opposite feet
* Timing is limited to SSQQ or SQQ in Bronze Foxtrot. Except for Grapevine actions
* Continuous quicks are NOT permitted except in the Simple Grapevine or extra Chassés/Side Steps
* No consecutive Pivots Left or Right, one (1) Pivot is allowed
* No Open Left or Right Box Turns
* No syncopations other than Chassé from Promenade - No syncopated Underarm Turns
* No picture lines or figures (i.e. Contra Check, Chair, Oversways, Lunges, etc.)
* No Fallaways of any kind or Slip Pivot from Fallaway
* No solo, shadow, or same foot figures
* No more than eight (8) quicks, or 2 measures, of a Grapevine/Zig Zag action and it must finish with the feet closed
* Progressive Twinkles must finish by the end of the sixth (6th) measure of music (24 beats) with the feet closed
* Both feet must remain close to the floor at all times (no aerial Rondé, etc.)
* No foot changes/ fakes, partners must always be on opposite feet
* No shadow, solo, or same foot figures
* No more than four (4) quicks consecutively
* No syncopations except brush-point (&S) in the Open Fan
* Although the Corté/Simple Oversway is permitted, other picture lines / figures (i.e. Contra Check, Chairs, Oversways, Lunges, etc.) are not allowed
* No Fallaway actions of any kind
* No consecutive Pivots Left or Right, one (1) Pivot is allowed
* Partners may not completely separate. Open work is limited to single or double hand holds, and may not last for more than 32 consecutive beats, (16 measures counted in 2/4 time)
* Both feet must remain close to the floor at all times (no aerial Rondé, etc.)
* Partners may not completely separate
* Open work may not comprise of more than 25% of any routine
* Syncopations are not permitted
* No Open Left or Right Box Turns
* No consecutive Pivots Right or Left, one (1) Canter Pivot is allowed
* No Fallaways of any kind or Slip Pivot from Fallaway
* Partners must remain on opposite feet at all times
* No solo, shadow, or same foot figures
* Partners may not completely separate. Open Work is limited to single or double hand holds, and must finish by the eighth (8th) measure of music (24 beats) from where the action is commenced
* Both feet must remain close to the floor at all times (no aerial ronde, etc.)
NDCA Allowable DVIDA Silver Smooth Figures
As of January 2014 the NDCA has not created an "Allowable Figures" list for the Silver level. However, several restrictions were pointed out that should be taken into consideration when using the DVIDA Silver figures.
WaltzFoxtrotTangoV. Waltz
1A. Open Left Box
1B. Open Left Box with Underarm Turn
2. Open Right Turn
3. Open Right Turn with Syncopated Underarm Turn
4. Twinkle Connection
5. Check & Develope'
6. Flip Flops
7. Progressive Twinkles
8A. Hairpin from Open Left Box
8B. Hairpin from Promenade Position
9. Fallaway & Weave
10. Shadow Progressive Twinkles
11. Oversway
12. Check to Open Fallaway
13. Alternating Underarm Turns
14. Pivots from Promenade
15. Shadow Right Turns

1. Open Left Box
2. Open Right Turn
3. Grapevine
4. Weave from Promenade
5. Chair & Slip Pivot
6. Hover Corte'
7A. Hairpin from Open Left Box
7B. Hairpin from Promenade Position
8. Fallaway & Weave
9A. Same Foot Lunge
9B. Same Foot Lunge with Weave Ending
10. Shadow Points
11. Outside Swivel
12. Check to Open Grapevine
13. Shadow from Hairpin & Open Right
14. Pivot from Promenade
15. Gem

1. Flicks
2. Oversway & Ronde
3. Curls
4. Fallaway & Ronde
5. Change of Place (Silver Level)
6. Spanish Drag
7. Outside Underarm Turn to Shadow Position
8. Shadow Envelope's
9. Swivel Fans
10. Fallaway Whisk & Underarm Turns
11. Handshake Back Fans
12. Cobra Fans
13. Fallaway Slip Pivot
14. Traveling Right Lunges
15. Shadow Reverse & Drag
1. Right Turn with Underarm Turn
2. Left Turn with Underarm Turn
3. Flairs
4. Turning Open Breaks
5. Shadow Runs
6. Reverse Underarm Turn
7. Advanced Hand to Hand Combination
8. Shadow Right Turns
9. Standing Spins
10. Open Right Turns
NDCA RESTRICTIONSNDCA RESTRICTIONSNDCA RESTRICTIONSNDCA RESTRICTIONS
1. Continuity styling (open footwork) is now allowed but not required
2. Continuous "partnership" Pivots are allowed, up to two measures, but may only include 1 syncopation
3. Picture lines are permissible, but may not be held longer than two measures of music
1. Continuity styling (open footwork) is now allowed but not required
2. Continuous "partnership" Pivots are allowed, up to two measures, but may only include 1 syncopation
3. Picture lines are permissible, but may not be held longer than two measures of music
1. Continuous "partnership" Pivots are allowed, up to two measures, but may only include 1 syncopation
2. Picture lines are permissible, but may not be held longer than two measures of music
1. Continuous "partnership" Pivots are allowed, up to two measures, but may only include 1 syncopation
2. Picture lines are permissible, but may not be held longer than two measures of music

The following restrictions apply to all Silver American Smooth dances.

* Partners may not completely separate for more than 1 measure
* Single or double hand hold in facing and shadow positions may not comprise more than 50% of any routine
* No dips or drops below the waist level. No knee drops, or sit drops
* No Sitting Hens, Horse & Carts, Pot Stirs, or Standing Spins for man or lady are allowed
* No dips or drops below waist level. No knee drops or sit drops, floor slashes, etc

NDCA Allowable DVIDA Bronze Rhythm Figures
*Indicates figure is not allowable in NDCA competition closed events. Revised May 2014
RumbaCha ChaBoleroEast Coast Swing
1. Side Basic
2. Fifth Position
3. Box
4. Cross Body Lead
5. Outside Partner Breaks
6. Slow Underarm Turn
7. Open Break & Underarm Turn
8. Crossover Breaks
9. Crossover & Side Rocks
10. Open Rumba Walks
11. Shoulder Checks
12. Cradle Circle
13. Quick Underarm Turn & Loop
14. Open Circular Walks
15. Spot Turn Combination* Note: (Allowable thru step 21)

1. Basics in Place
2. Side Basic
3. Progressive Basic
4. Outside Partner Breaks
5. Crossover Breaks
6. Cross Body Lead
7. Open Break & Underarm Turn
8. Chase Turns
9. Shoulder Check
10. Shadow Positions
11. Butterfly
12. Alternating Underarm Turns
13. Cross-Body Pull-Back*
14. Three Cha Cha Chas
15. Crossover Flick to Side Break*

1A. Basic
1B. Turning Basic
2. Open Break Underarm Turn
3. Underarm Pass
4. Left Side Pass
5. Crossover Break
6. Check & Circular Walks
7. Romantic Sways
8. Checked Underarm Pass
9. Spot Turn Combination
10. Hip Twist & Spin* Note: (Allowable except for syncopated spin)

1. Basic
2. Basic Turning Right
3. Basic Turning Left
4. Throw Out
5. (Inside) Underarm Turn
6. Underarm Release from Basic
7A. Free Spin Tuck-In (from Handshake)
7B. Free Spin Tuck-In (from Double Handhold)
7C. Underarm Tuck-In (from Double Handhold)
8. Alternating Underarm Turns
9. Shoulder Check
10. Cradle
11. Cradle to Hammerlock
12. Sugar Push Throw Out
13. Double Face Loop
14. Opposition Break & Roll Out
15. Whirpool

NDCA RESTRICTIONSNDCA RESTRICTIONSNDCA RESTRICTIONSNDCA RESTRICTIONS
* Partners may not completely separate for more than one measure of music
* The timing for Bronze Rumba may be either SQQ or QQS
* No other timing is permitted, no foot changes or fakes, partners must always be on opposite feet
* Both feet must remain close to the floor at all times. (No Rondé, Developé, etc)
* Partners must use basic Cha Cha timing
* No syncopated turns
* Partners may not completely separate for more than one measure of music except Chase Turns
* No Guapacha or other timing changes allowed (except the *2&3* Chassé in the Three Cha Chas)
* No double underarm turns, no foot changes or fakes, partners must always be on opposite feet
* Both feet must remain close to the floor at all times. (No Rondé, Developé, etc)
* Partners may not completely separate for more than one measure of music
* Timing for Bolero must be SQQ. No other timing is permitted
* No foot changes or fakes. Partners must always be on opposite feet
* Both feet must remain close to the floor at all times. (No Rondé, Developé, etc)
* Partners may not separate completely for more than one measure of music
* No side by side work is allowed in Bronze
* No double Underarm Turns
* No hopping, skipping actions are allowed
* No continuous Chasseé
* No foot changes or fakes, partners must always be on opposite feet
* Both feet must remain close to the floor at all times. (No Rondé, Developé, etc)
* Use of hand shake holds, double hand holds are permitted
MamboMerengueSambaWest Coast Swing

1. Forward & Back Basic
2. Side Breaks
3. Side Breaks & Cross
4. Cross Body Lead
5. Open Break Underarm Turn
6. Crossover Break & Walk Around
7. Shoulder Check
8. Promenade Swivel & Close
9. Alternating Underarm Turns
10. Rueda Basic
11. Cross Body Lead with Inside Turn
12. Back Spot Turn
13. Mambo Twist
14. Forward Spot Turn to Surprise
15. Crossover Swivels & Pull-Back*

1. Basic to the Side
2. Back Rock
3. Side Breaks
4. Arm Slide
5. Back to Back
6A. Swivels – Straight
6B. Swivels – Turning
7A. Conga Breaks – Simple Action
7B. Conga Breaks – Crossing Action
8. Merengue Glide
9. Forward Spot Turn
10. Back Spot Turn
11. Roll In & Out
12. Leader's Circle Wrap
13. Progressive Congo – 4 Directions
14. Face Loops
15. Leader's Duck Wrap

1. Basic Bounce
2. Forward and Back Basic
3. Side Basic
4. Fifth Position Breaks (Whisks)
5. Box
6. Extended Box
7. Samba Walks
8. Forward & Back Spiral
9. Reverse Samba Walk
10. Promenade & Counter Promenade Bota Fogos
11. Opening Out Left & Right
12. Rolling Box
13. Volta to Left & Right
14. Open Break to Back Spot Turn
15. Advanced Left Turn

1. Underarm Turn
2. Left Side Pass
3. Sugar Push
4. (Underarm Turn to) Right Side Pass
5. Tuck In From Left Side Pass
6. Tuck In From Right Side Pass
7. Half Whip & Throw Out/Starter Step
8. Basic Whip
9. Whip with Inside Turn
10. Whip with Outside Turn
11. Whip with Check
12. Underarm Turn with Leader's Loop to Right Side Pass
13. Sugar Push Point
14. Lock Whip
15. Continuous Whip

NDCA RESTRICTIONSNDCA RESTRICTIONSNDCA RESTRICTIONSNDCA RESTRICTIONS

* Partners may not completely separate for more than one measure of music
* Couples must break on the *two* beat in Mambo. No other timing is permitted
* No foot changes or fakes. Partners must always be on opposite feet
* Both feet must remain close to the floor at all times. (No Rondé, Developé, etc)

* Partners must use basic Merengue timing except in IBO Walks
* Slow & Quick Chassés are permitted
* No syncopations allowed except in quick chasses
* No double Underarm Turns
* No foot changes/fakes, partners must always be on opposite feet. Both feet must remain close to the floor at all times. (No aerial Rondés, Developés, etc.)
* Partners may not completely separate for more than one measure of music except in IBO Walks

* Partners may not completely separate for more than one measure of music
* No side by side work allowed
* No double Underarm Turns
* No foot changes/fakes, partners must always be on opposite feet
* Both feet must remain close to the floor at all times. (No aerial Rondés, Developés, etc.)
* Double-hand holds and hand-shake holds are allowed

* Partners may not separate completely for more than one measure of music (4 beats)
* No side by side work allowed
* No double Underarm Turns
* No more than six consecutive quicks allowed in Whips
* No foot changes/fakes, partners must always be on opposite feet
* Both feet must remain close to the floor at all times. (No aerial Rondés, Developés, etc.)
* Use of hand-shake holds, double hand holds are permitted
* Syncopated spins are not allowed

NDCA Allowable DVIDA Silver Rhythm Figures
As of August 2011 the NDCA has not created an "Allowable Figures" list for the Silver level. However, several restrictions were pointed out that should be taken into consideration when using the DVIDA Silver figures.
*Indicates figure is not allowable in NDCA competition closed events. Revised May 2014
RumbaCha ChaBoleroEast Coast Swing
1. Alternating Underarm Turns
2. Open Walks with Spot Turn
3. Cucaracha with In & Out Turns
4. Quick Underarm Turn & Rocks
5. Skater's Position to Face Loop
6. Spiral Swivels
7. Shadow Variation
8. Back Swivels and Cradle
9. Open Rumba Walk with Syncopated Turn
10. Traveling Swivels
1. Cross Over Flick Combination
2. Back Spot Inside Turn
3. Pull Back & Grapevine
4. Cross Body Lead & Syncopated Chasse
5. Cuban Breaks & Swivels
6. Open Turn and Wrap
7. Cross Over, Twist & Kick
8. Syncopations Left & Right
9. Across the Back with Walk Around Turn
10. Syncopated Cross Overs
1. Open Check
2. Open Cross Body Lead with Syncopated Turns*
3. Ronde & Shadow Swivels
4. Curl & Double Leg Ronde*
5. Right Side Swivels and Ronde
6. Face Loop and Sway
7. Walks and Grapevine
8. Cradle and Man's Arm Bar
9. Cross Over Swivels
10. Slow Spiral and Back Swivels
1. Wrist Spin
2. Face Loop & Pivot
3. Alternating Hammerlock
4. Man's Wrap and Swivels
5. Pivots
6. Side to Side & Running Step
7. Boogie Walks
8. Syncopated In & Out
9. Side by Side Turns
10. Cradle & Kicks
MamboMerengueSambaWest Coast Swing
1. Cross Body Lead Variations
2. Solo Variation
3. Underarm Turn & Swivels
4. Bobby's Break
5. Continuous Cross Body Lead with Breaks
6. Behind the Back Pass with Bobby's Ending
7. Mambo Wrap
8. Double Face Loop
9. Flick & Kick
10. Hammerlock & Swivels
1. Cross Body Lead
2. Cross Body Lead with Rocks
3. Cross Body Lead and Cradle
4. Alternating Underarm Turns
5. Hip Circles
6. Man's Wrap
7. Pass Behind the Back and Face Loop
8. Left and Right Turn Combination
9. Pivots and Dip
10. Back Spot Turn Combination
1. Contra Bota Fogos
2. Volta Variation
3. Bota Fogo Combination
4. Rolling In & Out
5. Promenade Runs
6. Rolling Off the Arm
7. Advanced Left Turn & Points
8. Fallaway & Spin
9. Bota Fogo & Pull Back
10. Back Rock Combination
1. Checked Whip & Throwout
2. Roll in & Pass
3. Double Face Loop, Tuck Spin
4. Man's Hammerlock & Tummy Whip
5. Lock Whip, Side Break and Spin
6. Spinning Hammerlock
7. Continuous Whip
8. Sugar Push Syncopations
9. Underarm Turn Syncopations
10. Roll In, Check, & Throwout

The following restrictions apply to all Silver American Rhythm dances with the exception of Merengue, Samba and West Coast Swing. At this time the NDCA has not identified any restrictions in the Silver syllabus of these three dances.

1. Continuous partnership Pivots are allowed up to two measures but may include only one syncopation
2. Partners may not completely separate for more than one measure of music with the exception of Chase Turns and Chase Turn variations
3. Single or double hand hold in Shadow Position may not comprise more than 50% of any routine
4. No dips or drops below waist level. No knee drops or sit drops, floor slashes, etc
5. No Sitting Hens, Horse and Carts, Pot Stirrers, or Standing Spins for man or lady are allowed
6. No entrances allowed. Partners must start in a closed or open facing hold